Vicente, Gil

(ca. 1465-ca. 1537)
   Sixteenth-century Portuguese playwright, perhaps Portugal's greatest, who was also a talented goldsmith, musician, actor, and dramatist. Born in humble circumstances, Gil Vicente rose to become an important figure, recognized and celebrated in the royal court of his day. His first play or auto was performed in 1502, and his last piece was produced in 1536. Vicente's work was influenced not only by the religious plays of late medieval Portugal, but by work from contemporary humanism and the Renaissance.
   There were at least four basic aspects of Vicentine plays: dramatization of rural folklore, social satire, imaginative analysis of nature, and religious themes. What was remarkable about Vicente, in addition to his great versatility (he was the goldsmith who produced the gold monstrance in the Monastery of Jerônimos) and brilliance, was that he was popular with both the people and the elite, and was a masterful dramatist in a country lacking extraordinary dramatic traditions. Some of his plays were censored by the Inquisition after his death, and it was only during the 19th-century romantic era that Portuguese writers sought a revival of his reputation.
   See also Jerónimos, Monastery of, Theater.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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  • Vicente, Gil — • Portuguese dramatist (1470 1536) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Vicente, Gil — (ca. 1465–1536)    Gil Vicente was a major Portuguese born playwright and lyric poet who composed plays in a variety of genres and wrote in both the Portuguese and Castilian languages. A court poet who wrote some 44 extant plays,Vicente is… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • VICENTE, Gil — (c. 1456 1537) Gil Vicente, a Portuguese dramatist, is a leading literary figure bridging the medieval and Renaissance traditions. A man of many talents, he was overseer of the gold and silver craft in Portugal, master of the royal mint, and a… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Vicente, Gil — born с 1465, Portugal died 1536/37 Portuguese playwright. His first plays were produced in 1502, and for the next 34 years he acted as court dramatist and poet laureate, staging his plays to celebrate great events and religious occasions.… …   Universalium

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  • Gil Vicente — (pronounced|ˈʒil viˈsentɨ) (1465 ndash; 1537), called the Trobadour, was a Portuguese playwright and poet who acted in and directed his own plays. Considered the chief dramatist of Portugal he is sometimes called the Portuguese Plautus [3] and… …   Wikipedia

  • Gil Vicente — (né vers 1465, mort vers 1537) est un homme de théâtre portugais ; il est généralement considéré comme le premier dramaturge « littéraire » portugais. On l identifie aussi souvent comme l orfèvre de la Custódia de Belém (Reliquaire …   Wikipédia en Français

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